It has been widely reported that to get a work permit in Canada or other foreign countries, you will require a job offer from a Canadian employer or the countries employer you want to immigrate to. While this may be true for most foreign countries, in Canada you do not necessarily have to first obtain a job offer to obtain a work permit.
There are programs in Canada that are created specifically to bring skilled immigrants to Canada and you do not need a job offer to receive an invitation to apply for a visa to Canada. Canada promises great opportunities to foreigners especially immigrants who have the skills that are currently in demand in the country.
Indeed, Canada is greatly suffering from the shortage of skilled workers and by that are looking to accept skilled workers who have the qualities to fill up vacant positions in the countries. Some programs are available for immigrants to apply for permanent residency without you having to secure a job first.
How Do You Know Which Skill Are In-Demand in Canada?
The Canadian labor force comprises several talents and fields ranging from health, finance, tech, and many more. They also comprise fields that do not require college certificates which include truck driving, painting, and many more.
So, if you have a skill(s) and the needed expertise that matches any of the fields associated with the Canadian labor market, you may be eligible to apply for a Federal Skilled Worker.
To assess your skills the Canadian government created a point ranking system called the Express Entry program that checks your qualifications and from this assessment, the government selects and invites you to apply for a permanent resident in Canada.
The Canadian government from time to time releases a list of occupations and skills that are in-demand within a given period in the Canadian workforce and the reoccurring occupations include:
- Human Resources (HR) Managers: Average Salary: $89,003
- Electrical Engineer: Average Salary: $91,832
- Veterinarians (Vets): Average Salary: $95,804
- Pharmacist: Average Salary: $89,314
- Welder: Average Salary: $73,504
- General Laborer and Construction Craft Worker: Average Salary: $47,678
- Registered Nurse (RN): Average Salary: $77,603
- Software Engineer: Average Salary: $100,562
- Heavy-Duty Equipment Mechanic Heavy equipment technician, and Agricultural equipment technician: Average Salary: $82,864
- University Professor and Lecturer: Average Salary: $83,584 (lecturer), $100,300 (professor)
In addition, to have the skills, you also need to meet other requirements that allow you to score high in the point ranking system to stay ahead of other applicants. Applicants, who have a minimum of one year of full-time work experience, meet the minimum language requirement, and so on; will be eligible to apply for immigration to Canada.
About the Canadian Express Entry Program
The Canadian Express Entry Program is just an online system through which skilled immigrants are selected and invited to apply for permanent residents. It is basically a pool filled with applicants who have shown interest to move to Canada as skilled workers. Applicants who are part of this program are ranked based on their qualifications, skills, language proficiency, etc. And those who have the most score will be invited to apply for permanent residency under a particular province in Canada.
Immigrants can apply to be part of this program if they meet the requirements needed, and they have the documents required and this includes
- A passport or travel document
- Language test results
- Proof of Canadian education or similar educational credential assessment report. If you don’t have an educational certificate, you can present a skilled trade certificate
- Proof of work experience
- Proof of fund
- You may also boost your chances if you have a relative in Canada who is either a permanent resident or Canadian citizen willing to be your sponsor.
How Do You Immigrate to Canada without a Job Offer?
There are two ways you could get a Canadian work permit without securing an employment offer first and they include: The Express Entry System and The Provincial Nomination Program
The Express Entry System
We mentioned the Express Entry program earlier on this page and how it is created by the Canadian government to present opportunities to immigrants to come to Canada without necessarily securing an employment offer. Well, the Express Entry program is not a type of visa in Canada; it is more like a filtering system that ensures Canada only invites immigrants who are eligible and have what the country is demanding in terms of skills. Through this program, immigrants are selected and invited to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
To apply for the Express Entry program, you must determine if you meet the requirement, and have the necessary documents just like we listed earlier in this post. If you are eligible and meet all the requirements, you can proceed to create an online profile on the IRCC official website.
Once you are successful with creating an online profile you will be entered into a pool of applicants and all the information and documents you provided will then be calculated and you will be scored accordingly. The applicants with the highest scores will be invited to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
In the pool, you will fall under one of the following categories:
Federal Skilled Worker Program: under this category are people with qualifications, educational certificates, and skills in managerial and professional occupations
Federal Skilled Trades Program: under this category are people with qualifications or experience in a particular trade occupation
Canada Experience Class: under this category are people with one or more years of Canadian working experience.
The Provincial Nomination Program
This is another way to immigrate to Canada with no initial job offer. Immigrants have the opportunity to appeal to any province directly through this program and they’d receive an invitation to apply (ITA). So if a particular province is seeking a particular skill to fill up a vacant position you may become eligible for an invitation if you possess such skill.
- Categories under this program include:
- In-demand/critical impact categories; for severe labor shortages in provinces
- Skilled worker categories; specifically for immigrants with significant experience or qualifications in their occupations
- International Graduate categories